Major Jewish organisations offer a unified position in response to the Digital Services Act consultation.
Being explicit about addressing antisemitism is key. The Digital Services Act must reflect the strong commitment of the European Commission to fight antisemitism.
The European Parliament, the Council of the European Union as well as 27 member states have endorsed the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA) working definition of antisemitism. The Digital Services Act should provide guidance and encouragement for platforms to adopt and use the definition to identify and counter antisemitic content.
Antisemitism must be addressed in all areas of digital policy, such as, illegal terrorist or violent content, tackling disinformation, regulating the sale of products online and consolidating digital resilience.
Aligned with the protection of privacy and personal data, the Digital Services Act must ensure the availability of data to better understand the mechanisms by which antisemitism spreads online. Catalogues of symbols and tropes, and mapping of the flow of conspiracies online can be useful starting points.
Making algorithms public will enable users and experts alike to challenge and address algorithms that funnel users from mainstream content to conspiracy ideologies and extremist content.
Along with the use of the IHRA working definition of antisemitism as a reference point, educating monitors, fact-checkers and content moderators about the manifestations, sources, history and impact of antisemitism is key. This will ensure their effective work to address antisemitism online.
Raising public awareness through positive content, counter narratives and educational materials is essential to building societal resilience against the threat of disinformation and conspiracy myths. Help create these capacities for civil society organizations to tackle antisemitism online, in partnership with platforms and policy-makers.
While major social media companies have taken significant voluntary steps to counter online hate, individuals and networks of extremists have migrated to smaller, alternative platforms. The Digital Services Act must ensure that hate speech as defined by the existing IT Code of Conduct is not permitted on any platform.
The Digital Services Act should address ad revenue stemming from content that promotes antisemitism and other forms of hate as well as profits from sales of antisemitic merchandise, notably Nazi memorabilia.
Ensure that such strategies offer a balanced approach to protecting all minorities while respecting freedom of speech, resulting in an online space free of hate.