Sparks

Digital Governance:
A Jewish Perspective Underline

10 points for policymakers to effectively tackle antisemitic content online and hold platforms accountable

Major Jewish organisations offer a unified position in response to the Digital Services Act consultation.

AJC Transatlantic InstituteB'nai B'rith EuropeB'nai B'rith InternationalCEJI - A Jewish Contribution to an Inclusive EuropeEuropean Jewish CongressEuropean Union of Jewish StudentsWorld Jewish Congress
01.

Act against antisemitism and any other form of hatred whenever you see them – online and offline

Being explicit about addressing antisemitism is key. The Digital Services Act must reflect the strong commitment of the European Commission to fight antisemitism.

02.

Define antisemitism to fight it

The European Parliament, the Council of the European Union as well as 27 member states have endorsed the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA) working definition of antisemitism. The Digital Services Act should provide guidance and encouragement for platforms to adopt and use the definition to identify and counter antisemitic content.

03.

Tackle antisemitism across digital policy areas

Antisemitism must be addressed in all areas of digital policy, such as, illegal terrorist or violent content, tackling disinformation, regulating the sale of products online and consolidating digital resilience.

04.

Mandate comprehensive and recurring data analysis to better understand the spread of antisemitism online, including through conspiracy ideologies

Aligned with the protection of privacy and personal data, the Digital Services Act must ensure the availability of data to better understand the mechanisms by which antisemitism spreads online. Catalogues of symbols and tropes, and mapping of the flow of conspiracies online can be useful starting points.

05.

Make AI-based processes transparent and prevent them from leading users towards conspiratorial or extremist content

Making algorithms public will enable users and experts alike to challenge and address algorithms that funnel users from mainstream content to conspiracy ideologies and extremist content.

06.

Educate fact-checkers and content moderators about antisemitism

Along with the use of the IHRA working definition of antisemitism as a reference point, educating monitors, fact-checkers and content moderators about the manifestations, sources, history and impact of antisemitism is key. This will ensure their effective work to address antisemitism online.

07.

Strengthen civil society and support NGOs to act effectively against hate online

Raising public awareness through positive content, counter narratives and educational materials is essential to building societal resilience against the threat of disinformation and conspiracy myths. Help create these capacities for civil society organizations to tackle antisemitism online, in partnership with platforms and policy-makers.

08.

Address antisemitism on all social media platforms, including alternative platforms and service providers

While major social media companies have taken significant voluntary steps to counter online hate, individuals and networks of extremists have migrated to smaller, alternative platforms. The Digital Services Act must ensure that hate speech as defined by the existing IT Code of Conduct is not permitted on any platform.

09.

Disincentivise hate for profit

The Digital Services Act should address ad revenue stemming from content that promotes antisemitism and other forms of hate as well as profits from sales of antisemitic merchandise, notably Nazi memorabilia.

10.

Encourage innovative, educational, and preventive strategies to countering hate that focus on protection and respect for diverse communities

Ensure that such strategies offer a balanced approach to protecting all minorities while respecting freedom of speech, resulting in an online space free of hate.

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